2015 legislative update: Alabama House passes budget that could end Medicaid in state

Medicaid could end in Alabama under a General Fund (GF) budget that the Alabama House passed Wednesday. Medicaid would lose 23 percent of its state funding, or $156 million, next year under the plan. Lost federal matching money would increase those cuts significantly. Cuts that large could end the Medicaid program in Alabama, State Health Officer Don Williamson said Tuesday.

The House initially voted 46-45 to reject a budget amendment cutting Medicaid. But then, on a second vote, it approved the amendment 46-44. The House then passed the GF budget 53-40, sending it to the Senate. Several key senators have said they strongly oppose deep Medicaid cuts, but their solution to the GF shortfall remains unclear.

Medicaid is ‘health care infrastructure in this state’

If the Medicaid cut remains, about one in five Alabamians would lose their health coverage, including nearly half of Alabama’s children and about 60 percent of the state’s seniors in nursing homes. Those cuts likely would lead to the closure of Children’s Hospital in Birmingham, as well as dozens of other hospitals and nursing homes across the state. The results would be devastating for Alabama’s economy and quality of life.

During four hours of debate on the budget, House members decried the impact that the Medicaid cuts would have on their constituents and communities. Rep. April Weaver, R-Brierfield, said it was “shocking” to see lawmakers considering such cuts to Medicaid. “If anyone thinks that Medicaid is an entitlement, come see me,” Weaver said. “It’s the health care infrastructure in this state.”

Rep. Mike Jones, R-Andalusia, also spoke of the huge toll that a Medicaid shutdown could take on communities. Jones said the end of Medicaid could mean 600 job losses in his district and put two hospitals and several local nursing homes at risk of closing.

Without new revenue, the path forward is uncertain

The budget passed after key parts of Gov. Robert Bentley’s plan to raise new revenue to prevent massive GF cuts went nowhere in the House’s GF budget committee. The panel voted 8-7 Tuesday to reject a plan to increase the state cigarette tax by 25 cents per pack (from 42.5 cents to 67.5 cents). A bill to increase the business privilege tax on large corporations was on the agenda Tuesday but did not come up for a vote.

House and Senate committees have approved bills to transfer use tax revenues from the Education Trust Fund to the GF, but the measures face stiff opposition from many legislators. The use tax is equivalent to a sales tax on goods bought outside the state for use within Alabama. It is commonly discussed in the context of Internet or mail-order purchases.

Many lawmakers strongly oppose shifting money from education to GF services. Alabama’s education funding is still well below its 2008 level, before the Great Recession, and its K-12 cuts and higher education cuts since then are among the nation’s worst.

The GF supports vital services like health care, child care, corrections and public safety in Alabama. The budget relies on a hodgepodge of revenues, most of which grow slowly even in good economic times. That leaves the GF with a structural deficit, meaning revenue growth is not strong enough to keep pace with ordinary cost growth.

If lawmakers do not approve a substantial source of new GF revenue in the coming days, it will be impossible for them to pass a budget that avoids devastating cuts to Medicaid or other vital services during this special session. Alabama’s 2016 budget year begins Oct. 1, 2015, and the prospect of another special session before then looms ever larger by the day.

By Carol Gundlach, policy analyst, and Chris Sanders, communications director. Posted Aug. 5, 2015.

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